By Andrew Osmond.
Mind Game is a trip. Struggling to describe it in my book 100 Animated Feature Films, I called it “spectacular, spontaneous, confusing, kooky and hilarious.” It’s also dense, packed with so many dizzying visual ideas screaming for a rewatch. Its visual style is freehand, lopsided, a virtuoso exercise of virtuous sloppiness.
Its story is a crazy fantasy about one man and his thrown-together companions discovering themselves, finding the meaning of their lives. But the film starts – after a typically giddy montage of “random” scenes to be pieced together over several viewings – as a kind of romcom. Our hero is a loser, twenty-something comic artist who happens to bump into his old school sweetheart on a rainy Osaka night. He ends up in the bar she runs with his sister, fuming over “his” girl’s handsome boyfriend like the epitome of all sad losers. And from that point… Chaos reigns.
Our hero gets killed by a bullet in the butt, at which point he meets a kaleidoscopically multi-shaped God who tells him that it’s all over. That’s followed by a flight from heaven; car chases that out-Matrix the Matrix; and a Pinocchio-style sojourn in the belly of a whale, where our hero is joined by his sweetheart, her sister and a crazy old man. But then everything’s crazy, as the characters lean to shed their preconceived selves and embrace creativity and love, while the animation is their Yellow Submarine to wherever they need to go. (The destinations include one of the best sex scenes ever animated.)
For many fans, Mind Game was the introduction to a remarkable new anime talent, director Masaaki Yuasa. Two of his later TV opuses, The Tatami Galaxy and Ping Pong: The Animation, have been released already on British Blu-ray by Anime Limited. 2017, though, sees Yuasa in overdrive, directing two new features released in Japan: Night is Short; Walk on Girl, which has links to Tatami Galaxy, and Lu Over the Wall, about a boy and a mermaid. If that wasn’t enough, Yuasa’s now in production on a reinterpretation of Go Nagai’s Devilman, called Devilman cybaby (trailer), to be released on Netflix next year.
Mind Game, though, is the work where Yuasa consolidated much of his style. No newbie, he’d already been working in the industry for 17 years, often on “unconventional” anime. He animated and designed on many of the Crayon Shin-chan films, which have a style unto themselves; he also had creative credits on Cat Soup, a creepy, freaky animation that’s like Hello Kitty meets Svankmajer. Yuasa is a fan of world animation, citing Tex Avery, Yellow Submarine and the pioneering stop-motion of Ladislas Starevich among his influences.
Interviewed by Mark Schilling about Mind Game, Yuasa said he went for a look that was “a little wild, a little patchy,” throwing in various styles as an analogue to the roughness of the source manga strip. But Yuasa also suggested that Mind Game was an alternative to the spectacular, disciplined world-building of contemporary anime films like Steamboy and Howl’s Moving Castle. “(They cost) a ton of money to make… You’re under a huge amount of pressure. I couldn’t handle that [sort of job] and I know it. But when you’ve been given a small budget, you just figure out how to make the most interesting film you can with the money you have.”
Yuasa also mentioned new anime audiences. Now there were people, he claimed, who dug different, more anarchic animation. “You can throw different styles at them and they can still usually enjoy it. In the past, if you had used different styles, you would have pulled (the audience) away from the story. Audiences today don’t mind it as much when the style changes.”
This acceptance overlaps with the rise of “sakuga” animation fandom. It would be silly to say you can’t have creative animation in something like Howl – look at this, for instance – but Mind Game’s spontaneous, anti-real ethos is something else. Aside from Yellow Submarine, it’s close in spirit to the films of Ralph Bakshi, especially in the abrasive violence of Mind Game’s early scenes, culminating in the hero getting shot. In particular, there are point of comparison between Mind Game and Bakshi’s 1973 Heavy Traffic, another toon about a struggling comic artist, his fantasies in the raw and the lives he could lead.
Within anime, you could slot Mind Game into a broad tradition ranging from Belladonna in the 1970s to Shaft’s ongoing Monogatari franchise. One of Mind Game’s weirder ideas, animating what look like photos of real people’s faces, anticipates a Mamoru Oshii movie, The Amazing Lives of the Fast Food Grifters. These works disorient and discomfort, set in cartoon surrealities that bend and transform and contain mad, inconsistent multitudes. They counter the tradition of anime which feel like they only happen to be animated, discussed here.
But if there’s one thing that sets Yuasa apart from most of his anarchic brethren, it’s that he allows in optimism and joy. At Mind Game’s climax, there’s an astonishing six-minute sequence that channels the mania of Tex Avery; the film’s characters race up a raging crimson ocean in a flurry of flailing limbs, dodging randomly placed planes, skyscrapers and ocean liners. “The world puts various kinds of obstacles in your way,” Yuasa said. “It’s not all fun and games. But you can find the strength to overcome that.”